Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. Catholicism offered certain advantages to Clovis as he fought to distinguish his rule among many competing power centers in Western Europe. c. 491: Clovis completes the conquest of the kingdom and turns his attention elsewhere. Clovis definition is - of or relating to a widely distributed prehistoric culture of North America characterized by leaf-shaped flint projectile points having fluted sides. He had previously restricted his operations to minor raids, yet, this time the goal was subjugation. Clovis’s kingdom began in the region encompassing modern Belgium and northeastern France, expanded south and west, and became the most powerful in Gaul. A male given nameborne by several prominent people in Frankish/French and Germanic history. This was the First Council of Orléans. Antifa: Definition and History: The anti-fascist protest movement known as antifa gained new prominence in the United States after the white supremacist Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, VA, in August 2017. They foraged for plants and hunted animals for food. [2] He is considered to have been the founder of the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled the Frankish kingdom for the next two centuries. This advocacy may also reflect a deep-seated communal memory of a religiously diverse kingdom and the daunting task of converting it. [23], In 507 Clovis was allowed by the magnates of his realm to invade the remaining threat of the Kingdom of the Visigoths. [49]:297 French monarchs, beginning in the Fourteenth Century at the latest, attempted to officially canonise Clovis a number of times. c. 507: Clovis liberates Aquitainia and murders various Frankish reguli. The three armies met near Dijon, where both the Franks and Godegisel's forces defeated the host of dumbfounded Gundobad, who was able to escape to Avignon. In 1933, archaeologists began scurrying to some of the hottest and most remote parts of New Mexico to stare at a patch of dirt. [20], In 496 the Alamanni invaded, some Salians and Ripuarians reguli defected to their side. Georg Franz, 1854. 3 (1913), and J.M. This contrasted Nicene Christianity, whose followers believe that God the Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are three persons of one being (consubstantiality). [31] Clovis eventually converted to Catholicism following the Battle of Tolbiac on Christmas Day 508[32][33] in a small church in the vicinity of the subsequent Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims; a statue of his baptism by Saint Remigius can still be seen there. [14] Despite the betrayal, the Franks landed a decisive victory, forcing Syagrius to flee to the court of Alaric II. Childeric died in 481 and was buried in Tournai; Clovis succeeded him as king, aged just 15. Clovis complex, ancient culture that was widely distributed throughout North America. The Roman kingdom was probably under Clovis' control by 491, because in the same year Clovis successfully moved against a small number of Thuringians in the eastern Gaul, near the Burgundian border. The most enduring mystery of the Clovis people is their origin. This was done not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst his sons after his death. He is considered to have been the founder of the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled the Frankish kingdom for the next two centuries. [41]:497–502 Despite Clovis' presence in Paris, his cultus was largely based in the south of France. Together the triumvirate marched against Syagrius and met the Gallo-Roman commander at Soissons. Clovis point definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Information and translations of clovis culture in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Clovis is also significant due to his conversion to Catholicism in 496, largely at the behest of his wife, Clotilde, who would later be venerated as a saint for this act, celebrated today in both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church. Battle of Tolbiac. Clovis also conquered the Alemanni tribes in eastern Gaul, and the Visigothic kingdom of Aquitania in the southwest. 3. Clovis personally illustrates the juxtaposition of these three belief systems. Clovis was the son of Childeric I, a Merovingian king of the Salian Franks, and Basina, a Thuringian princess. In 1933, archaeologists began scurrying to some of the hottest and most remote parts of New Mexico to stare at a patch of dirt. Clovis succeeded his father, Childeric I, as a king of Salian Franks in 481, and eventually came to rule an area extending from what is now the southern Netherlands to northern France, corresponding in Roman terms to Gallia Belgica (northern Gaul). The Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Denis (where Clovis was buried) had a shrine to St. Clovis to the east of the main altar. Clovis' failed to complete his objective via military means, therefore, he was constrained to statecraft, which proved fruitful for the Armonici shared Clovis' disdain for the Arian Visigoths. The disunity continued under the Carolingians until, after a brief unity under Charlemagne, the Franks splintered into distinct spheres of cultural influence that coalesced around Eastern and Western centers of royal power. In the interpretatio romana, Saint Gregory of Tours gave the Germanic gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury. Shortly after his baptism, their son died, which further strengthened Clovis's resistance to conversion. [56]:13 The cause for Clovis' canonisation was taken up once again in the Seventeenth Century, with Jesuit support, a vita and an account of posthumous miracles, in opposition to the controversial historical works of Calvinist pastor Jean de Serres who portrayed Clovis as a cruel and bloodthirsty king. [16] Despite his position, some Roman cities refused to yield to the Franks, namely Verdun‒which surrendered after a brief siege‒and Paris, which stubbornly resisted a few years, perhaps as many as five. At the Battle of Soissons (486) he established his military dominance of the rump state of the fragmenting Western Roman Empire which was then under the command of Syagrius. He promised his brother-in-law territory and annual tribute for defeating his brother. Clovis was the son of the pagan Frankish king Childeric and the Thuringian queen Basina. Clovis was the leader of the Frankish Kingdom during the time of Ancient Rome. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Clovis-I, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Clovis I, Christian Classics Ethereal Library - Clovis, king of the Salian Franks, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Clovis, Clovis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Clovis (reigned 481/482–511), the son of Childeric, unified Gaul with the exception of areas in the southeast. In 463 he fought in conjunction with Aegidius, the magister militum of northern Gaul, to defeat the Visigoths in Orléans. [14], In the same year, Clovis convinced Prince Chlodoric to murder his father, earning him his nickname. Fresco at the Panthéon (Paris) by Joseph Blanc, circa 1881. The Roman Law lists various crimes as well as the fines associated with them.[38]. The Clovis first theory does have some validity in the fact that at some point, tribal communities stopped in the area and created a settlement. [24] King Alaric had previously tried to establish a cordial relationship with Clovis by serving him the head of exiled Syagrius on a silver plate in 486 or 487. [40] Clovis did bequeath to his heirs the support of both people and Church such that, when the magnates were ready to do away with the royal house, the sanction of the Pope was sought first. Gregory places Clovis’s baptism in 496 and characterizes his subsequent battles as Christian victories, particularly the engagement with the Visigoths in 507 that has long been identified with Vouillé but now is believed to have occurred at Voulon near Poitiers, France. [55]:59 The most notable attempt, led by King Louis XI and modelled on the successful canonisation campaign of Louis IX, occurred during a conflict with the Burgundians. People. [citation needed], In 507, following Vouillé, Clovis heard about Chararic's plan to escape from his monastic prison and had him murdered. [53]:106[54]:101, St. Clovis had no known official canonisation, neither was he beatified, so his sainthood was only ever recognised by popular acclaim. The broadest areas for Clovis arrowheads are situated either in the near midsection or toward the base of the point. That being said, few Clovis sites were big-game kill sites, reflecting that Clovis people hunted a range of animals including deer, rabbits, coyotes, and birds. Definition of clovis culture in the Definitions.net dictionary. He bribed Ragnachar's retainers and soon, Ragnachar and his brother, Ricchar were captured and executed.[27]. History Of Old Town Clovis California Experience the Charm of Old Town Clovis The town of Clovis was pioneered by the vision of Marcus Pollasky who along with a group of prominent Fresnans raised over $100,000 in 1891 to build a single freight stop along the San Joaquin Valley Railroad, opening a gateway from the San Joaquin Valley to the east. Clovis was born a pagan but later became interested in converting to Arian Christianity, whose followers believed that Jesus was a distinct and separate being from God the Father, both subordinate to and created by Him. His rule from his royal servants helped to keep the large territory intact, and is considered to be the first ruler of the Merovingian Dynasty. A city in Fresno County, California, United States. The best modern descriptions of the life and times of Clovis are The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. Many theories are actively trying to explain this archaeological mystery; none are agreed upon. 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