It continues to graduate students in the various religious and physical sciences. ojitos.2601. In the depths of the Medina is its heart: the ninth-century Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, one of the most important mosques in Fez, and perhaps also the first university in the world. Morocco Books, Morocco Tour Operator Présentation. From there, you will get to enjoy glimpses of the exquisite inner courtyard and the two beautiful minarets. After a humble beginning filled with turmoil and struggles, Fatima’s father was able to become a successful businessman and Fatima eventually married. Learning Arabic This site is supported by ads. Whether you choose to travel by bus, train, car or air, you'll be sure to get to your destination quickly! La mosquée Al Quaraouiyine. جامعة القرويين, Dżami'at al-Karawijjin, fr. © Copyright 1995-2021 Morocco.com. The University of al-Qarawiyyin or al-Karaouine (in Arabic: جامعة القرويين‎) is a university located in Fes, Morocco.. When Fatima first set out to build the al-Karaouine in the 9th century, she wanted to create a space that would enrich her community. However we were not allowed inside as only Muslims are allowed to enter. Jewish Morocco Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Your friends will love this! This article was co-authored with Maria Inês Pinto, a young Portuguese freelancer born with a passion for writing and travel.She has spent her life hopping around different countries, having lived in Canada, the US, India and Ireland. Les facultés rattachées à Al Quaraouiyine, qui n’o… The family was part of a group of migrants who had made the decision to move from Kairouan in Tunisia to Fes in Morocco in the early 9th century. Today almost every subject imaginable is taught at this prestigious and old university, which has made the original Karaouine Mosque the place of fame that it is today. Mosquée Al Quaraouiyine, Souk Hanna. Tourism Overview Built in 857 AD, its library contains more than 30,000 books including a 9th century Qur’an. La Mosquée Karaouyine, une des plus anciennes et des plus illustres du monde musulman fut la première université du Maroc à avoir été fréquentée par des lettrés célèbres tels que Ibn Khaldoun, Ibn Al Khatib, Averroès. The University of Al Quaraouiyine is the oldest continually-operating university in the world. Ferry to Morocco, Marrakesh Al quaraouiyine mosque Premium Photo A year ago. Casablanca It has one of the largest libraries of Islam, and featured dozens of departments. Budget Flight Tips Tanneries, Fes Medersa Bou Inania, Fes Tombeaux Merinides, Fes More Resources. Al-Qarawiyyin or Al-Karaouine Mosque, University and Library. Capturée à l'occasion de l'exposition «Le Maroc Médiéval», organisée au Louvre entre 2014 et 2015, la photo, présentée comme récente, a généré une indignation sur les réseaux sociaux, et a été reprise par plusieurs médias arabophones.La rumeur a été grossie par le fait que le grand lustre n'a toujours pas été rendu à la mosquée Al Quaraouiyine. Le minaret date de 956, mais c’est le seul vestige de la prime époque. It now only serves as a mosque and cannot be entered by non-Muslims. Originally from Qayrawan, in present-day Tunisia, Fatima’s family immigrated to Fez in the 800s at a time when this city was a bustling cosmopolitan hub and a promise land for those looking for fortune and success. Founded in 859, the … Karaouine Mosque – Magnificent and Historic Religious Attraction, Tourist Attractions and Wonders of Morocco to Explore, Moroccan Mosques – Spiritual Centers for Muslims, Koutoubia Mosque – A Notable Landmark and Historical Masterpiece, Hassan II Mosque – Second Largest Mosque in the World. ... Al Karaouyine, arab. Sur routard.com, retrouvez les meilleures photos de voyage des internautes. J.C.), et le minaret (345 H / 965 AP.J.C. But even from a relatively small open door we could still see that the interior of this place was truly amazing. For over 1200 years, the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque (or al-Karaouine) has been one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the Muslim World. What is particularly interesting about the mosque is that it has expanded over successive dynasties until it was able to gain the distinction of being the largest mosque in North Africa. However, if you are looking to get an exceptional view of the mosque, head to Medersa el Attarin – it is not always open to the public, but if you find it closed, you may be able to persuade the guard to let you in. Resources: At its height in the 14th century, the university produced world renowned jurists, historians, mathematicians, astronomers, physicians, poets and prominent scholars. Le rôle historique de l’université ne se limite pas seulement à la religion. C’EST une femme, héritière d’un riche Kairouanais (actuelle Tunisie), Oum Al Banine fatima Al Fihriya, qui est à l’origine de la fondation de la mosquée Quaraouiyine. La mosquée Al Quaraouiyine, Maroc-Le Nord, Maroc - Toutes les informations pratiques et les points d'intérêt des différentes attractions Maroc La mosquée en islam est un lieu de culte, d’apprentissage et un espace pour cristalliser la conscience de l’appartenance collective à son environnement. Sharing is caring. La mosquée al-Quaraouyyine Publié le jeudi 14 février 2013 11:16 La mosquée al-Quaraouyyine au coeur de la ville de Fès. 5 Incredible and Famous Moroccan Women You Must Know! 18. Each teacher (or alim) was surrounded by their students talib around the pillar of the prayer hall. 17. Al Quaraouiyine est une mosquée située dans la vieille ville de Fès, au Maroc, dont le nom, «Jami ‘Al-Qaraouiyine,» signifie ‘La mosquée centrale des citadins’. The Kenzi Europa Hotel is a four-star establishment that is housed on eight floors. The family was part of a group of migrants who had made the decision to move from Kairouan in Tunisia to Fes in Morocco in the early 9th century. Fez Koranu, logiki i filozofii. It is ... Make sure you're mobile by using any one of the many forms of transport in Morocco. The mosque also grew throughout the centuries and is today one of Morocco’s most relevant religious centers. Morocco Festivals La première mosquée était un simple oratoire, la prière du vendredi continuant d’être prêchée à la mosquée al-Shurafa. Its convenient location allows visitors to be within walking distance of one of the most popular beaches in Agadir, and also has spectacular ocean views for guests to enjoy. All Rights Reserved. Jan 17, 2016 - Elle serait la plus ancienne université au monde. Today, the university is considered the oldest one in the world by UNESCO which draws many visitors to its gates. As two well-educated women, the two sisters decided to invest their fortune into their communities and thus began the project to construct the Al-Qarawiyyin mosque and university. Mosquée Quaraouiyine) – meczet w marokańskim mieście Fez, wzniesiony w IX wieku (podaje się rok 859 jako rozpoczęcie budowy) jako centrum uniwersyteckie. Mosquée Al Quaraouiyine, les arcades de la cour - Maroc. Originally built in the 9th century, the mosque saw extensive additions to its simple structure in the 12th and 18th centuries. If you are planning a trip to Fez, you simply must spend some time at the Karaouine Mosque. All rights reserved. Today, the university continues to function as an excellent school of religious and physical sciences, and the mosque is considered Morocco’s holiest place, governing the time of all Islamic festivals across the country. Fatima bint Abdellah al-Fihri a commensée la construction d’al-Quaraouyyine le Ier du mois de ramadan 245 H (30 novembre 857 AP. Au XIIe siècle toute une série de noms parmi les plus grands vont être associés d'une manière ou d'une autre à la Quaraouiyine La tradition attribue sa fondation à Fatima al-Fihriya, fille d'un riche homme d'affaires immigré de Kairouan La mosquée Al Quaraouiyine vit son architecture évoluer et s'agrandir. Despite the limitations to non-Muslims visiting the site, it is truly a once in a lifetime opportunity to visit what many consider to be the world’s oldest university. Save. Now residing in Portugal, she is planning to move to Mozambique soon to pursue her third passion: humanitarian work. Like. Inspired by the Mezquita in Cordoba, Al-Qarawiyyin’s layout features endless rows of round arches that will dazzle any visitor. The green-roofed structure lined with white-washed round arches soon gained bigger proportions though and truly became a cultural, social and politically relevant institution helping to educate, direct and reform the lives of the Muslim world community. Money & Currency Sahara Desert It continues to enjoy patronage from those with political power and is seen as being one of the best tourist attractions that Fez has to offer. جامع القرويين [The al-Qarawiyyin Mosque] (in Arabic). Written and photographed by JBT Director, Lucas Peters, the 2nd edition of Moon Morocco is a detailed, full-colored country guidebook. The 1st edition of Marrakesh & Beyond is a handy pocket-sized traveler. Des faits notables sont liés à cette mosquée. Please use our Contact Us page to reach us for initial tour requests. Rabat In her free time, she travels and writes about her adventures on her blog, Pretty Little Things. So visit both the Karaouine Mosque and Al Karaouine University and discover a whole new facet of Morocco’s rich heritage. ). General view showing the raising roof of the central aisle above the rest of the roof level. by Lucas Peters | Fez, Monuments & Sites, Morocco Articles. Fatima Fihriyya is the name of the incredible woman who founded what some argue is the world’s oldest university in the 9th century. No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of Morocco.com. As a deeply spiritual woman, Fatima vowed to fast daily from the first day of construction until its completion almost two years later, at which time she offered prayers of gratitude in the very mosque she helped build. Elle acheta l'emplacement de la Mosquée Quaraouiyine dont elle jeta les fondements le premier samedi du mois de Ramadan, an 245. Kairaouine Mosque (Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin) is a spectacular building. On your next visit to Fez, make sure you head into its old town and take your time discovering this magnificent treasure chest of history that has much more to it than meets the eye. Etablissement académique, mosquée, bibliothèque, Al Quaraouiyine a été et est toujours un centre d’enrichissement intellectuel, culturel et spirituel. Unfortunately, only Muslims are allowed to enter the campus but non-Muslims are allowed to peer through any door that may be left open to admire the courts and fountain inside. Guaranteed to inspire travel lust, this edition is a wonderful companion for you while you’re in the planning stages or already in-country. Asilah The University of Al-Karaouine or Al-Qarawiyyin (Arabic: جامعة القرويين) (other transliterations of the name include Qarawiyin, Kairouyine, Kairaouine, Qairawiyin, Qaraouyine, Quaraouiyine, Quarawin, and Qaraouiyn) is a university located in Fes, Morocco. Geometric muslim mosaic in islamic mosque, beautiful arabic tile pattern and mosaic on the wall and doors of mosque in casablanca city, morocco. Elle n’y fut transférée qu’à partir de 933. Locally Based in Tangier, Morocco If this alone doesn’t grab your attention, the magnificent architectural details are sure to leave you breathless as you walk along the walls of this ancient treasure tucked away in the old town of Fez. A few blessed years followed until a series of unfortunate events led to the deaths of Fatima’s father, brother and husband. Si vous venez d'apposer le bandeau, merci d'indiquer ici les points à vérifier. The al-Karaouine mosque was founded by Fatima al-Fihri in 859 with an associated school, or madrasa, which subsequently became one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the historic Muslim world. The university was integrated into the state education system in the 1940s and became a modern university with faculties all throughout the country. Why Islam – Discussing the Mosque. Essaouira The Karaouine Mosque in Morocco (also known as Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque) was founded in 859 by Fatima Al-Fihri, the daughter of Mohammed Al-Fihri who was a wealthy merchant at the time. Al Quaraouiyine (en arabe : القرويين) est une université située à Fès, au Maroc. Collect. Today, this ancient mosque features beautiful Andalusian ornamental details including carved stucco wood, stoned minarets, blue and white tiles, and exquisite marble fountains. Cette mosquée fut fondée au IX e siècle par une femme, Fatima Al Fihri, venue de Tunisie pour s’installer à Fès dans le quartier des Kairouanais, comme beaucoup de ses compatriotes à l’époque (d’où le nom de la mosquée). The interior of the prayer hall, kept private for Muslims only, is more austere with an unadorned ceiling, white-washed arches and simple mats covering the floors. This means you may see unusual differences in architectural and decorative style as you make your way through this now massive building. Originally built in the 9th century, the mosque saw extensive additions to its simple structure in the 12th and 18th centuries. Terrasse, H., La Mosquée al-Qarawiyine à Fès, III, Paris, 1968. This brilliant attraction is worth seeing for several reasons. Travel Safety Elle fait partie des plus importantes mosquées et la plus vieille université du Monde. Al Qaraouiyine est une université avec des facultés dispersées dans plusieurs villes du Maroc tels Fès ou Agadir. Sa construction débute en 857 à Fès, sous le règne de la Dynastie Idrisside. Inside you will find odd contrasts – such as the forest of arches which gives a feeling of infinite majesty and intimacy, and the austere reed mats where lush carpets should be. The Strange History of Ion Perdicaris and the Perdicaris Park in Tangier, The Sultan Moulay Ismail: Morocco’s Much-Feared, Long-Lived Ruler. ‎Al Quaraouiyine, la Mosquée Université القرويين‎, Fez, Morocco. Tazi, A., “Jamaa al-Qarawiyine, al masjid wa jamià bi madinati fas: mawsuà litarikhihà al mi'mari wa fikri' (Qarawiyyin, the mosque and the university in the town of Fez), Encyclopédie de l'Histoire de l'Urbanisme et de la Pensée, 3 vols., Beirut, 1973. Tiled in … Visa Requirements Inside of the madrasa bou inania, medina of fes, morocco. Monuments & Sites Sur routard.com, retrouvez les meilleures photos de voyage des internautes. Ancient Architecture Médersa Attarine Tweet. La mosquée fut alors dotée d’un minbar et appelée mosquée "al Quaraouiyine" (mosquée des kairouanais) [14], en hommage à la ville d'origine de Fatima al-Fihriya. Both Fatima and her sister were well educated and inherited a large amount of money from their father after his death. The Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin, near the Suq al-'Attarin, or Spice Market of Fez al-Bali, is one of the world's oldest universities, and among the largest mosques in Africa. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. Tangier Nauczano tam m.in. La construction actuelle date de l’Almoravide Ali ben Youssef en 1135. The first is that it is incredibly old and it has served as a home for the University of Al-Karaouine for centuries – giving cause for the Guinness Book of World Records to name the university as the ‘oldest existing educational institution in the world’. Health & Beauty Almost 1200 years have passed since the al-Qarawiyyin was built in 859 and yet it still remains an esteemed institution today. Home » Tourist Attractions and Wonders of Morocco to Explore » Moroccan Mosques – Spiritual Centers for Muslims » Karaouine Mosque – Magnificent and Historic Religious Attraction. A complimentary guidebook to Moon Morocco, this guide dives deeper into the mysterious souks of the famed “Red City.” With a detailed shopping guide, handy fold-out map, and itineraries for day-tripping from Marrakesh, Lucas brings us another great resource for Morocco! Mosquée Al Quaraouiyine - Maroc. Today it can cater to as many as 20 000 worshipers. Al-Qarawiyyin (or al-Karaouine) mosque still functions today as one of Morocco’s major religious centers, governing all Muslim festivities throughout the year across the country. LA MOSQUÉE AL QUARAOUIYINE. Morocco.com. And although non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the mosque, peering through the gates to get a view of its interior is allowed and is a common sight in the area. Food & Recipes Instead of squandering her inheritance of daily trifles, Fatima vowed to spend it all on the building of a mosque that was suitable for the community that she loved. La mosquée Al Quaraouiyine est connue pour abriter la plus vieille université du monde, l'un des plus importants centres d'apprentissage islamique. The Karaouine Mosque in Morocco (also known as Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque) was founded in 859 by Fatima Al-Fihri, the daughter of Mohammed Al-Fihri who was a wealthy merchant at the time. Culture and Etiquette With this well-educated and strong-willed woman at the helm, the project soon grew from being simply a place of worship to a place for religious instruction and political discussion. • Tazi, Abdelhadi. Fatima was left alone with her sister Mariam to receive a large inheritance that would allow them to be financially independent. Over the subsequent decades the syllabus taught at the university continued to grow and grow and in 1957, King Mohammed V introduced the further subjects of chemistry, physics, math and foreign languages. Meczet Andaluzyjski (arab. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. La Mosquée Karaouyine est l’emblème de la ville de Fès, une des plus anciennes et des plus illustres du monde musulman fut la première université du Maroc à avoir été fréquentée par des hôtes célèbres tels l’historien Ibn Khaldoun, le poète et écrivain Ibn al … You may also like. Colorful Map We are using cookies to make the website better. Atlas Mountains جامعة القرويين, fr. Chefchaouen angel.nt.111. There are tiles, plasterwork, woodcarvings, paintings and courtyards, which all add to the overall allure of this prestigious building. Another reason is to see the incredible architecture and decoration that can be found in every nook and cranny in the Mosque. © 2004-2020. Toutes ces fonctions s’appliquent parfaitement à la mosquée Al Quaraouiyine de Fès. Au XIIe siècle, toute une série de noms parmi les plus grands vont être associés d'une manière ou d'une autre à la Quaraouiyine : les grands précurseurs du soufisme, tels Ibn Hrizim, Abou Madyane, Abdeslam Ben Mchich Alami, les philosophes Avenpace et Averroès, le géographe Al Idrissi mais aussi Maïmonide et Ibn Khaldoun pour ne citer que ceux-là. 344 likes. All trademarks and web sites that appear throughout this site are the property of their respective owners. One of the most fascinating pieces of history about the Al-Qarawyiyyin (al-Karaouine) Mosque and University is that it was actually established by a woman. Voir aussi. With a history dating back to the 9th century, this mosque and university have been the selected congregation space for various Muslim saints and scholars throughout the centuries. It is an establishment that prides itself on comfortable accommodation, providing guests with superior services and facilities. Al-Qarawiyyin (or al-Karaouine) mosque still functions today as one of Morocco’s major religious centers, governing all Muslim festivities throughout the year across the country. Nearby, Al Quaraouiyine Mosque, one of the most distinguished universities in the world. While the original mosque was only about 30 meters long with four aisles, the building has undergone roughly 1000 years of development. Are allowed to enter see that the interior of this place was truly amazing her passion... In Arabic ) the site domain name Quaraouiyine Mosque, one of most! Vous venez d'apposer le bandeau, merci d'indiquer ici les points à vérifier,... 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